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Edwardian Sports

The birth of Match of the Day? Not exactly, but Mitchell and Kenyon were pioneers in filming sporting events.

Sport was a booming industry in the early 20th Century, and one undergoing great changes. Covered stadiums emerged in place of banks of mud, while audiences - overwhelmingly male - grew to fill them, on the back of increasing leisure time. The presence of film cameras may have helped fuel sport's increasing professionalism. Over 60 different sporting events feature in the Mitchell and Kenyon collection, mostly football and rugby, but also athletics, cricket, cycling, horse racing and rowing. Highlights include the earliest known footage of Manchester United and the first Merseyside derby on film, plus a cricketing controversy and glimpses of early Rugby League. Mitchell and Kenyon weren't historians - their interest was to film as much of the crowd as possible, to draw paying customers to later screenings. But thanks to them, we're left with a priceless and evocative record of sport's emergence as the mass entertainment we know today. Digitisation of this collection was funded by The National Lottery.

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Hull F.C. v Hull Kingston Rovers (1902)
Hull F.C. v Hull Kingston Rovers (1902)
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Hull F.C. v Hull Kingston Rovers (1902)

Non-Fiction19024 mins Location: Kingston upon Hull

Rugby arch rivals lock horns in Hull.

Leeds Lifeboat Procession and Sports at Roundhay Park (1902)
Leeds Lifeboat Procession and Sports at Roundhay Park (1902)
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Leeds Lifeboat Procession and Sports at Roundhay Park (1902)

Non-Fiction190119 mins Location: Leeds

Jolly japes and jumping in the lake - it's the water carnival in Leeds on Lifeboat Day.

Leeds Athletic and Cycling Club Carnival at Headingley (1902)
Leeds Athletic and Cycling Club Carnival at Headingley (1902)
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Leeds Athletic and Cycling Club Carnival at Headingley (1902)

Non-Fiction19027 mins Location: Headingley

Athletes and acrobats wow the crowds at the annual Cycling Club carnival.

Great Local Derby, Accrington v Church Cricket Match (1902)
Great Local Derby, Accrington v Church Cricket Match (1902)
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Great Local Derby, Accrington v Church Cricket Match (1902)

Non-Fiction19025 mins Location: Accrington

Rare film record of an Edwardian local league cricket game between two Lancashire sides.

Arthur Mold Bowling to A.N. Hornby (1901)
Arthur Mold Bowling to A.N. Hornby (1901)
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Arthur Mold Bowling to A.N. Hornby (1901)

Non-Fiction19019 mins Location: Old Trafford Cricket Ground

Did he bowl or did he throw? A fascinating record of an early cricketing controversy.

Champion Athletes at Birmingham (1902)
Champion Athletes at Birmingham (1902)
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Champion Athletes at Birmingham (1902)

Non-Fiction190212 mins Location: Birmingham

Crowds enjoying the spectacle at Birmingham Athletics Club.

Burnley v Manchester United (1902)
Burnley v Manchester United (1902)
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Burnley v Manchester United (1902)

Non-Fiction19022 mins Location: Burnley

First-ever footage of Manchester United in a tense Edwardian football fixture.

Calisthenics (c.1905)
Calisthenics (c.1905)
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Calisthenics (c.1905)

Non-Fiction19007 mins

A truly impressive exhibition of calisthenics from two teams of girls - perhaps an early talent contest?

Final of International Cup at Cork Regatta (1902)
Final of International Cup at Cork Regatta (1902)
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Final of International Cup at Cork Regatta (1902)

Non-Fiction19002 mins

Scenes from the summer final between the Leander and Berlin rowing clubs.

Race for the Muratti Cup at Manchester Wheelers' Annual Meet (1901)
Race for the Muratti Cup at Manchester Wheelers' Annual Meet (1901)
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Race for the Muratti Cup at Manchester Wheelers' Annual Meet (1901)

Non-Fiction190115 mins Location: Manchester

Exciting scenes of amateur cycling's 'Race of Champions' at Manchester's Fallowfield track.

Everton v Liverpool (1902)
Everton v Liverpool (1902)
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Everton v Liverpool (1902)

Non-Fiction19025 mins Location: Liverpool

The earliest surviving Merseyside derby on film catches two of Everton's goals in a 3-1 home win.

AAA Championships at Fartown, Huddersfield (1901)
AAA Championships at Fartown, Huddersfield (1901)
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AAA Championships at Fartown, Huddersfield (1901)

Non-Fiction19014 mins Location: Fartown Ground, Huddersfield

The annual championship meeting of England's premier athletics association.

Dewsbury v Manningham (1901)
Dewsbury v Manningham (1901)
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Dewsbury v Manningham (1901)

Non-Fiction19015 mins Location: Dewsbury

Rare film of Manningham FC's days as a rugby club, in a hard-fought contest at Dewsbury's Crown Flatt ground.

Ambush II at Eyrefield Lodge, The Curragh (1902)
Ambush II at Eyrefield Lodge, The Curragh (1902)
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Ambush II at Eyrefield Lodge, The Curragh (1902)

Non-Fiction19024 mins

The 1900 Grand National winner at home with his trainer in County Kildare

Blackburn Rovers v Sheffield United (1907)
Blackburn Rovers v Sheffield United (1907)
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Blackburn Rovers v Sheffield United (1907)

Non-Fiction19072 mins Location: Ewood Park, Blackburn

An Edwardian First Division football match played at Blackburn's Ewood Park Stadium.

Blackburn v... (1904)
Blackburn v... (1904)
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Blackburn v... (1904)

Non-Fiction1904 mins Location: Ewood Park, Blackburn

Blackburn Rovers play at home at Ewood Park to an unidentified team in an Edwardian football fixture.

Bolton v Burton United (c.1904)
Bolton v Burton United (c.1904)
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Bolton v Burton United (c.1904)

Non-Fiction19042 mins Location: Burnden Park, Bolton

Bolton Wanderers overpower the shortlived Burton United at Burnden Park under rainy skies.

Bradford City v Gainsborough Trinity (1903)
Bradford City v Gainsborough Trinity (1903)
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Bradford City v Gainsborough Trinity (1903)

Non-Fiction19039 mins Location: Valley Parade, Bradford

Bradford City's first ever home league game after switching from rugby to football in 1903.

Cambridge University Sportsday (1903)
Cambridge University Sportsday (1903)
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Cambridge University Sportsday (1903)

Non-Fiction19033 mins

Cambridge undergrads reach new heights!

Crews Practising on River Lee at Cork Regatta (1902)
Crews Practising on River Lee at Cork Regatta (1902)
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Crews Practising on River Lee at Cork Regatta (1902)

Non-Fiction19021 mins

Edwardian oarsmen get some last minute practice in before the big race.

England v Ireland at Manchester (1905)
England v Ireland at Manchester (1905)
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England v Ireland at Manchester (1905)

Non-Fiction19052 mins Location: Manchester

An Edwardian contest between teams representing the English and Irish Football Leagues, with plenty of goal-line action.

Everton v Newcastle United (1902)
Everton v Newcastle United (1902)
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Everton v Newcastle United (1902)

Non-Fiction19028 mins Location: Liverpool

The camera is a welcome distraction to the spectators of a home defeat at Goodison Park.

Everton v Newcastle United (1903)
Everton v Newcastle United (1903)
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Everton v Newcastle United (1903)

Non-Fiction19033 mins Location: Liverpool

None of the goals but plenty of action in a 4-1 home win to Everton.

Halifax v Salford (1901)
Halifax v Salford (1901)
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Halifax v Salford (1901)

Non-Fiction19013 mins Location: Halifax

A rugby league game shows the sport in transition, on a bitterly cold day.

Hull City Football (c.1905)
Hull City Football (c.1905)
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Hull City Football (c.1905)

Non-Fiction19053 mins Location: Kingston upon Hull

Hull City football club plays a friendly match in their inaugural season.

Hull F.C. v Wigan (1902)
Hull F.C. v Wigan (1902)
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Hull F.C. v Wigan (1902)

Non-Fiction19022 mins Location: Kingston upon Hull

A misty afternoon's rugby match draws a large crowd.

Hunslet v Leeds (1901)
Hunslet v Leeds (1901)
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Hunslet v Leeds (1901)

Non-Fiction19014 mins Location: Hunslet

A less-than-serious Leeds team take a four-goals-and-two-tries battering from Hunslet.

Moss Street v St Philips Football (1907)
Moss Street v St Philips Football (1907)
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Moss Street v St Philips Football (1907)

Non-Fiction19072 mins Location: Blackburn

Schoolboy footballers fight it out at Ewood Park.

Manchester Races (1902)
Manchester Races (1902)
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Manchester Races (1902)

Non-Fiction19023 mins Location: Manchester

Spectators enjoy a day at the races in Edwardian Manchester.

Northern Union Challenge Cup Final - Halifax v Salford (1903)
Northern Union Challenge Cup Final - Halifax v Salford (1903)
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Northern Union Challenge Cup Final - Halifax v Salford (1903)

Non-Fiction19032 mins Location: Leeds

An Edwardian Rugby League final pits Lancashire against Yorkshire.

Kingston Rowing Club at Practice (1902)
Kingston Rowing Club at Practice (1902)
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Kingston Rowing Club at Practice (1902)

Non-Fiction19024 mins Location: Stoneferry

A delightful day out on the water as Edwardian rowers mess about on the River Hull.

Liverpool v Small Heath (1901)
Liverpool v Small Heath (1901)
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Liverpool v Small Heath (1901)

Non-Fiction19011 mins Location: Liverpool

Early league football, with the team who will become Birmingham City losing at Anfield in a relegation year.

Manchester to Blackpool Road Race (1903)
Manchester to Blackpool Road Race (1903)
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Manchester to Blackpool Road Race (1903)

Non-Fiction19032 mins Location: Blackpool

Over a hundred Edwardian athletes gather for a gruelling walking race.

Newcastle United v Liverpool (1901)
Newcastle United v Liverpool (1901)
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Newcastle United v Liverpool (1901)

Non-Fiction19017 mins Location: Newcastle upon Tyne

An Edwardian football match at Newcastle's St James' Park ground.

Notts County v Middlesbrough (1902)
Notts County v Middlesbrough (1902)
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Notts County v Middlesbrough (1902)

Non-Fiction19027 mins Location: Nottingham

The game is held up for the camera to do a full tour of the cheering crowds at Trent Bridge, Notts County's home until 1910.

Oldham v Swinton (1901)
Oldham v Swinton (1901)
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Oldham v Swinton (1901)

Non-Fiction19013 mins Location: Oldham

The evolution of Rugby League in a top of the table match between rival Lancashire clubs.

Preston North End v Aston Villa (1905)
Preston North End v Aston Villa (1905)
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Preston North End v Aston Villa (1905)

Non-Fiction19052 mins Location: Preston

Early football giants Preston and Villa face up in an epic Edwardian contest.

Preston North End v Notts County (1904)
Preston North End v Notts County (1904)
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Preston North End v Notts County (1904)

Non-Fiction19052 mins Location: Preston

Preston triumph at Deepdale in an Edwardian contest between two of England's oldest football teams.

Preston North End v Wolverhampton Wanderers (1904)
Preston North End v Wolverhampton Wanderers (1904)
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Preston North End v Wolverhampton Wanderers (1904)

Non-Fiction19045 mins Location: Preston

The Lillywhites take on the Wolves at Deepdale, watched by a large crowd and the club mascot.

Rotherham Town v Thornhill (1902)
Rotherham Town v Thornhill (1902)
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Rotherham Town v Thornhill (1902)

Non-Fiction19022 mins Location: Rotherham

A ropey pitch and worse goalkeeping in a typical non-league football derby in Edwardian Yorkshire.

Runcorn v St Helens (1901)
Runcorn v St Helens (1901)
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Runcorn v St Helens (1901)

Non-Fiction19012 mins Location: Runcorn

Runcorn, Lancashire Senior Competition winners in 1900 and third in 1901, face a fierce challenge from visiting St Helens.

Salford v Batley (1901)
Salford v Batley (1901)
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Salford v Batley (1901)

Non-Fiction19018 mins Location: Salford

Batley go down to Lancashire rivals Salford in the very first season of the Northern Rugby League.

Sheffield United v Bury (1902)
Sheffield United v Bury (1902)
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Sheffield United v Bury (1902)

Non-Fiction19022 mins Location: Sheffield

Sparkling images of fans and players at an Edwardian fixture at Sheffield's Bramall Lane.

Sports Day at Queen's College Ground, Cork (1902)
Sports Day at Queen's College Ground, Cork (1902)
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Sports Day at Queen's College Ground, Cork (1902)

Non-Fiction19022 mins

Crowds gather on a sunny Saturday to watch sports including running, jumping and cycling.

St Helens v Swinton (1901)
St Helens v Swinton (1901)
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St Helens v Swinton (1901)

Non-Fiction19011 mins Location: St Helens

The crowds at Knowsley Road await a Rugby league match between the Saints and the Lions.

Sunderland v Leicester Fosse (1907)
Sunderland v Leicester Fosse (1907)
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Sunderland v Leicester Fosse (1907)

Non-Fiction19077 mins Location: Sunderland

A resounding win for Sunderland in the FA Cup, urged on by an enthusiastic band.

Sunderland v Middlesbrough (1904)
Sunderland v Middlesbrough (1904)
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Sunderland v Middlesbrough (1904)

Non-Fiction19041 mins Location: Sunderland

A hard-fought North East derby in the Edwardian First Division.

Trotting Match at Springfield Park, Wigan (1904)
Trotting Match at Springfield Park, Wigan (1904)
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Trotting Match at Springfield Park, Wigan (1904)

Non-Fiction19047 mins Location: Springfield Park

Edwardian spectators and bookies enjoy an exciting day of horse racing.

Two-Oared Boat Race, Sunday's Well, Cork (1902)
Two-Oared Boat Race, Sunday's Well, Cork (1902)
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Two-Oared Boat Race, Sunday's Well, Cork (1902)

Non-Fiction19021 mins

Oarsmen compete along the River Lee in early 20th century Cork.

Wales v Ireland at Wrexham (1906)
Wales v Ireland at Wrexham (1906)
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Wales v Ireland at Wrexham (1906)

Non-Fiction19063 mins Location: Wrexham/Wrecsam

International football action in front of an enthusiastic home crowd in Wrexham.

Blackburn Rovers v Aston Villa (1904)
Blackburn Rovers v Aston Villa (1904)
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Blackburn Rovers v Aston Villa (1904)

Non-Fiction19042 mins Location: Ewood Park, Blackburn

The entry of the teams and action from both halves of an Edwardian football game at Ewood Park.

Warrington v St. Helens (1901)
Warrington v St. Helens (1901)
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Warrington v St. Helens (1901)

Non-Fiction19012 mins Location: Warrington

Match action and scenes of an Edwardian rugby crowd at Warrington's Wilderspool stadium.

Water Polo Match (c.1901)
Water Polo Match (c.1901)
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Water Polo Match (c.1901)

Non-Fiction19011 mins

A team demonstrate their skills in the increasingly popular sport of water polo.

Burnley Football (1903)
Burnley Football (1903)
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Burnley Football (1903)

Non-Fiction19032 mins Location: Turf Moor

A large and lively crowd watches an Edwardian Second Division football match at Burnley's Turf Moor ground.

Bolton Football 2 (c.1900)
Bolton Football 2 (c.1900)
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Bolton Football 2 (c.1900)

Non-Fiction19001 mins Location: Burnden Park, Bolton

Spectral images of a football match at Bolton's Burnden Park.