National Screen and Sound Archive of Wales preserves and celebrates the sound and moving image heritage of Wales, making it accessible to a wide range of users for enjoyment and learning. Its film collection reflects every aspect of the nation’s social, cultural and working life across the 20th century, giving a fascinating insight into Welsh filmmaking, both amateur and professional.
This film is part of Free
Pwllpeiran - experimental husbandry farm
Upland peat bog at Cwmystwyth is ‘improved’ and becomes productive pasture for sheep and grows a crop of Forestry Commission conifers.
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In post-WWII Britain, the race was on to ‘improve’ upland bogs, creating productive pasture from what was seen as waste ground or, in co-operation with the Forestry Commission, conifer plantations. Pwllpeiran, a government-sponsored experimental farm at Cwmystwyth, Aberystwyth, was at the cutting edge of these types of ‘improvements’ – in conjunction with the nearby Welsh Plant Breeding Station - and was the subject of this programme in ATV’s ‘Farming Today’ series.
Since the 1970s, when this film was made, the regard in which bogs are held has changed to some degree. Peat is a natural ‘sponge’ and peat bogs, like flood plains, are able to absorb excess rainfall. Severe flooding in Britain has proved how important it is to keep such ‘sponges’ intact. The planting of trees, too, can greatly help with water absorption and the prevention of landslides. The massive Forestry Commission conifer plantations are a crop, grown for felling, and, like any other mono-culture, tend not to support such a healthy ecosystem as, in this case, a mixed, deciduous woodland would support.